Military History | 28 March 2013
A Second World War German Pressed Tin Enamelled Rectangular Advertising Sign...
A Second World War German Pressed Tin Enamelled Rectangular Advertising Sign 'Vokischer Beobachter' red ground with raised white letters, 29cm x 49cm
The V'f6lkischer Beobachter ("v'f6lkisch Observer") was the newspaper of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP or Nazi Party) from 1920. It first appeared weekly, then daily from 8 February 1923. For twenty-five years it formed part of the official public face of the Nazi party. The "fighting paper of the National Socialist movement of Greater Germany" (Kampfblatt der nationalsozialistischen Bewegung Gro'dfdeutschlands) had its origin in the M'fcnchner Beobachter ("Munich Observer"), which in 1918 was acquired by the Thule Society and in August 1919 was renamed V'f6lkischer Beobachter. The NSDAP purchased it in December 1920 on the initiative of Chase Bauduin and Dietrich Eckart, who became the first editors. In 1921, Adolf Hitler acquired all shares in the company, making him the sole owner of the publication.
The circulation of the paper was initially about 8,000 but increased to 25,000 in autumn 1923 due to strong demand during the Occupation of the Ruhr. In that year Alfred Rosenberg became editor. With the prohibition of the NSDAP after the Beer Hall Putsch of 9 November 1923, the paper also had to cease publication, which resumed however on the party's refoundation on 26 February 1925. The circulation rose along with the success of the Nazi movement, reaching more than 120,000 in 1931 and 1.7 million by 1944
During the rise to power, it reported general news but also party activities, presenting them as almost constant success, guidelines for propagandists urged that all posters, insofar as the police allowed, contain propaganda for it, and all meetings should be announced in it, although reports should be sent to the Propaganda Department, which would then forward corrected versions to the paper, posters did indeed urge reading it.
Thursday 28 March 2013, 10.00am
Bristol Auction Room
Wednesday 27th March 10.30am - 6.00pm
Morning of sale from 9.00am